In an article in the Hindu titled The scientist Pakistan chose to forget, Nirupama Subramanian writes about the Nobel Laureate Abdus Salam, and his struggles to be accepted as a muslim by the Pakistani religious and political establishment:
Dr. Salam died on November 21, 1996 in England at the age of 70. By then, he had lived abroad for many years retaining his Pakistani nationality until the very end. Before his death, he expressed a wish to be buried in Rabhwa in the Punjab province, where Pakistan’s Ahmediyya sect has its headquarters. His wish was fulfilled, but not without a bizarre twist. A magistrate, out to enforce the law, had the word “Muslim” erased from the inscription on the tombstone which said: “Abdus Salam The First Muslim Nobel Laureate.” What remained read thus: “Abdus Salam The First Nobel Laureate”(!) A comical outcome, if it were not so tragic. Later, the name of the town was changed to Chenab Nagar.
If I remember correct, there is an anecdote in The Second creation of Robert Crease and Charles Mann which tells about the kind of facilities that existed during Prof. Salam’s school days in his village: apparently, the school teacher told the children, “There is a type of energy called electrical energy; to watch it in action, you have to go to Karachi”, or, some words to that effect. To have been taught in such circumstances, and to have reached the stature that he finally achieved, Dr. Salam’s story is truly inspiring indeed!
Here is the official biography of Prof. Salam at the Nobel page:
Abdus Salam is known to be a devout Muslim, whose religion does not occupy a separate compartment of his life; it is inseparable from his work and family life. He once wrote: “The Holy Quran enjoins us to reflect on the verities of Allah’s created laws of nature; however, that our generation has been privileged to glimpse a part of His design is a bounty and a grace for which I render thanks with a humble heart.”
Here is a website that gives more information on Prof. Salam. Here is another with some more information. Finally, here is the Nobel lecture of Prof. Salam. Have fun!