The Technology Review, a magazine published by the MIT, has since 1999 honored the young innovators whose inventions and research they find most exciting; today that collection is the TR35, a list of technologists and scientists, all under the age of 35. Their work–spanning medicine, computing, communications, electronics, nanotechnology, and more–is changing our world. Mutiny looks at the Indian contribution in these innovations.
Five of these young technologists are Indians, who not surprisingly though, are based in the US.
Prithviraj Basu 31, a scientist at BBN Technologies in Cambridge, MA, has developed algorithms that dramatically reduce the chance that a wireless network will drop connections or fail, all while decreasing the energy consumed by battery-powered radios. The algorithms will work for networks of sensors, for people carrying mobile computers, or even for groups of robots with onboard radios. For those who didnt understand much of it, hes developed something thatll offer seamless network.
Ram Krishnamurthy 33, Intel, has minimized energy leakage and improved performance; his prototype circuits run fi ve times as fast as those in today’s PCs but consume 20 to 25 percent as much power. In less than a decade Krishnamurthy has amassed 53 U.S. patents relating to circuit design. His chips are cooler, faster and hence more efficient.
Ashok Maliaklal 31, working at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ, has improved the circuits’ gate dielectric-the insulating layer that enables their transistors to switch properly from “on” to “off.” Ever faced problem while reading your cell phone display in sunlight, hes trying to solve that problem.
Sumeet Singh 31, working at Cisco, has completely automated worm and virus detection, putting defenders on the same footing as attackers. As a graduate student at the University of California, San Diego, Singh realized that worms and viruses move through a network differently from normal traffic: malicious code strives to reproduce and propagate itself rather than simply to travel from point A to point B. So he created software tools that scan for snippets of data that exhibit such behavior.
Anand Raghunathan 34, and his team at NEC Laboratories America have given them a supplementary processor, dubbed Moses. The processor performs all of a device’s security functions, such as encryption and user authentication. So if a virus did hit a device, it couldn’t access the passwords needed to log in to a bank account or an office computer; its effects would be limited.
What we need now is a few more Indians, working in Indian universities in that list. If anyone knows about journals about technology breakthroughs in Indian universities, please tell us ujj[At]mutiny[dot]in
PS: Interesting thing for bloggers, ever heard of del.icio.us, the man who built it is the inovator of the year. This fellow.